SA179 Tubes

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Difference Between SA 214 vs SA 179 Tubes

SA 214 and SA 179 tubes represent two distinct varieties of carbon steel tubes widely utilized in heat exchangers and boilers, each possessing unique characteristics and properties.

SA 214 tubes, characterized by medium-carbon steel, boast a minimum wall thickness of 0.028 inches. Post-weld heat treatment enhances their toughness and ductility, making them particularly suitable for high-pressure applications where resistance to stress corrosion cracking is paramount.

SA 179 tubes are crafted from low-carbon steel, featuring a minimum wall thickness of 0.035 inches. Primarily employed in low-pressure scenarios like condensers, evaporators, and heat exchangers, these tubes are renowned for their superior heat transfer capabilities and corrosion resistance.

This distinction in composition and application makes each type of tube suitable for specific use cases, allowing for a tailored approach based on the requirements of the intended system.

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Introducing SA 214 Tubes:

SA 214 tubes, forged from medium-carbon steel, exhibit a carefully crafted composition comprising carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, and silicon. These tubes find their niche in high-pressure environments, notably in applications like steam boilers and pressure vessels, where their exceptional resistance to stress corrosion cracking and heightened toughness are pivotal.

One notable characteristic of SA-214 tubes is their post-weld heat treatment, known as normalization. This process involves subjecting the tubes to temperatures around 1650°F (899°C) followed by a gradual cooling process in ambient air. This heat treatment significantly enhances the toughness and ductility of the tubes, ensuring optimal performance in demanding conditions.

In terms of mechanical properties, SA-214 tubes boast a minimum yield strength of 37,000 psi (255 MPa) and a minimum tensile strength of 70,000 psi (483 MPa). With a minimum elongation of 30% and a hardness of at least 89 HRB, these tubes exemplify a robust and resilient construction, meeting the stringent requirements of high-pressure applications.

Introducing SA 179 Tubes:

SA 179 tubes, hailing from the realm of low-carbon steel, boast a well-balanced composition featuring carbon, manganese, phosphorus, and sulfur. These tubes carve out their niche in low-pressure scenarios, playing a pivotal role in applications like condensers, evaporators, and heat exchangers. What sets SA 179 tubes apart is their exceptional heat transfer properties and inherent resistance to corrosion, making them indispensable in systems where efficient heat exchange is paramount.

Renowned for their high thermal conductivity, SA-179 tubes excel in the seamless transfer of heat between fluids. This characteristic positions them as an ideal choice for applications where maintaining optimal temperatures is crucial.

In terms of mechanical prowess, SA-179 tubes exhibit a minimum yield strength of 47,000 psi (325 MPa) and a minimum tensile strength of 70,000 psi (483 MPa). With a minimum elongation of 35% and a hardness rating of at least 72 HRB, these tubes underscore their reliability and durability in low-pressure environments.

Comparing SA 214 Tubes and SA 179 Tubes:

SA 214 and SA 179 are both specifications for carbon steel tubes, but they have some key differences:

  1. Material Chemical Composition:

SA 214 Tubes Chemical Composition

ElementA/SA 214
C0.18 max.
Mn0.27 – 0.63
P0.035 max
S0.035 max

Mechanical Properties

ElementA/SA 214
Tensile Strength KSI (MPa)47[325]
Yield Strength KSI (MPa)26[180]
Elongation min. %≥35%
Hardness≤72 HRB
  1. Heat Transfer Efficiency:
  • SA-214 Tubes: Due to the higher carbon content and additional alloying elements, SA-214 tubes may have better heat transfer efficiency compared to SA-179 tubes, especially in high-temperature applications.
  • SA-179 Tubes: SA-179 tubes are known for their good heat transfer characteristics, making them suitable for applications in heat exchangers and condensers.
  1. Application Areas:
  • SA-214 Tubes: Commonly used in applications where higher mechanical strength is required, such as in boilers and superheaters.
  • SA-179 Tubes: Widely used in industries where corrosion resistance and efficient heat transfer are critical, such as in refineries, power plants, and chemical processing.
  1. Corrosion Resistance:
  • SA-214 Tubes: May have lower corrosion resistance compared to SA-179 tubes due to the higher carbon content.
  • SA-179 Tubes: Designed to provide good corrosion resistance, especially in environments where acidic or corrosive substances are present.
  1. Weldability:
  • SA-214 Tubes: Welding SA-214 tubes may require careful consideration due to the higher carbon content, and appropriate welding procedures should be followed.
  • SA-179 Tubes: Generally considered more weldable due to the lower carbon content.
  1. Cost Considerations:
  • SA-214 Tubes: The cost of SA-214 tubes may vary depending on the specific alloying elements and manufacturing processes involved.
  • SA-179 Tubes: SA-179 tubes are often considered cost-effective, making them a popular choice in various industrial applications.


In summary, the choice between SA 214 and SA 179 tubes depends on the specific requirements of the application, including factors such as heat transfer efficiency, corrosion resistance, mechanical strength, and cost considerations. It’s crucial to carefully evaluate these factors to determine the most suitable tube material for a given application. is a leading supplier, stockist, manufacturer & exporter of A179 Tube & SA 179 Tubes Get in touch with us for the best rates & availability.

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